1776 – Congress formally renames the nation the “United States of America.”
1776 – First use of a submarine in warfare. During the Revolutionary War, the American submersible, Turtle, attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe’s flagship Eagle in New York Harbor. There is a full-scale model in the Royal Navy Submarine Museum in Gosport, UK.
1893 – Esther Cleveland, born to President Grover Cleveland his wife Frances Folsom.
1896 – An electric car built by the Riker Electric Motor Company wins the auto race at the Narragansett Trotting Park in Cranston Rhode Island.
1897 – London cabby George Smith is the first person ever to be convicted of driving drunk after slamming his cab into a building. The Magistrate asked Mr. Smith: “Were you drunk on the day in question?” Mr. Smith replied: ” As drunk as a judge.” the Judge said: “Don’t you mean ‘drunk as a lord?” upon which Smith replied: “Sorry Milord, that’s correct Milord!” The Judge fined Smith 25 Shillings.
1966 – The architect of Apartheid in South Africa, Hendrik Verwoerd, is stabbed to death by Demetrio Tsafendas, a Mozambique immigrant of Greek and Swazi descent.